Neem (Azadirachta indica) seeds detail in mm
Neem Tree, Flowers detail – Mass Spectrum BotanicalsNeem Tree, Leaflets detail – Mass Spectrum BotanicalsNeem Leaf – Mass Spectrum BotanicalsNeem Leaf Powder – Mass Spectrum BotanicalsNeem (Azadirachta indica) seeds detail in mm

NEEM TREE (Azadirachta indica)


Azadirachta indica, commonly known as neem, has attracted worldwide prominence in recent years, owing to its wide range of medicinal properties. Neem has been extensively used in Ayurveda, Unani and Homoeopathic medicine and has become a cynosure of modern medicine. Neem elaborates a vast array of biologically active compounds that are chemically diverse and structurally complex. More than 140 compounds have been isolated from different parts of neem. All parts of the neem tree- leaves, flowers, seeds, fruits, roots and bark have been used traditionally for the treatment of inflammation, infections, fever, skin diseases and dental disorders. The medicinal utilities have been described especially for neem leaf. Neem leaf and its constituents have been demonstrated to exhibit immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antihyperglycaemic, antiulcer, antimalarial, antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic properties.1

Ordering Options:
5 Live Seeds | 1 Live Plant (seedling) | 1 Live Plant (rooted from cuttings) | 100 Grams Neem Leaf & Stems | 25 grams Dried Neem Leaf | 25 Grams Neem Powder | 200 Grams Neem Powder | 1 Fl. Oz. Neem Oil | 5 Grams Neem Extract | 60 Neem Pill Capsules


Product Description

Seeds, Grafting, Cuttings, Tissue Culture
-Propagation by seeds: Best planted 1/2″ deep within 30 days of harvest.
-Grafting of Neem: May be grafted onto Chinaberry seedlings adapted to colder climates.1
-Propagation of Softwood Cuttings: In the AM, collect terminal softwood shoots 4-7 cm long from fresh growth, making  binodal leafy tip cuttings. Remove all other uneeded leaves. Plant in cocopeat, vermiculture or coarse sand medium and if posible keep in mist chamber condition. They should root out in about 4 weeks.1
-Propagating Semi/Hardwood Cuttings using plant growth regulator hormones: 100 IBA (12 hour soak) or 1000PPM IAA (quick dip).1

The appropriate dose of neem depends on several factors such as the user’s age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for neem. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.1

Common Names:
Neem, Nimtree, Indian Lilac, Bansi Neem, azaddhirakt, noble tree, kinin, neem, nim, nim, nimgach, bowtamaka, tamabin, tamaka, tamar, tamarkha, thinboro, bevu, kohomba, nimba, sdau, nim, cornucopia, Indian cedar, Indian lilac, margosa tree, neem tree, azadirac de l’Inde, margosier, margousier, neem, nim, balnimb, neem, nim, nind, imba, intaran, membha, mempheuh, mimba, mind, imba, mimba, sdau, ka dao, kadau, baypay, mambu, sadu, veppam, neem, nimba, kohomba, mkilifi, mwarubaini, mwarubaini kamili, vembu, vepa, veppam, veppu, cha-tang, kadao, khwinin, sadao, sadao India, saliam, nim, s[aaf]u d[aa]u, saafu daau, sàu-dàu

Scientific Botanical Synonyms:
Azadirachta indica, Melia azadirachta, Melia azederach, Melia indica Brandis, Melia azadirachta L., Antelaea azadirachta (L.) Adelbert

Neem Tree Guides:
Growing Neem – Neem Foundation
Using neem trees to combat desertification | Global Ideas
Micro-propagation of plus neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) and evaluation of field transferred plants
Adventitious rooting in shoot cuttings of Azadirachta indica and Pongamia pinnata
A standard procedure for the micropropagation of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss)
Rapid in vitro cloning of a 40-year-old tree of Azadirachta indica A. Juss.(Neem) employing nodal stem segments
In vitro manipulation and propagation of medicinal plants
Geographical variation in rooting ability of stem cuttings of Azadirachta indica and Dalbergia sissoo
Macro-and Micro-propagation of Azadirachta indica

Neem Tree Research Data Links:
AgelessDave’s GardenDiscover NeemEcocropeFlorasForestry ImagesGoogle ScholarHerbcyclopediaKewNeemTree.orgPubMed.govSigma-AldrichUSDAWebMDWikipediaWorld Agroforestry Centre Youtube

Selected Scholarly Horticulture Papers:
Effect of Elicitors and Precursors on Azadirachtin Production in Hairy Root Culture of Azadirachta indica.
Screening of efficient arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for Azadirachta indica under nursery condition: A step towards afforestation of semi-arid region of western India.
Production of the biopesticide azadirachtin by hairy root cultivation of Azadirachta indica in liquid-phase bioreactors.
[Nutrient dynamics in forest plantations of Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae) established for restoration of degraded lands in Colombia].
Antioxidant enzyme changes in neem, pigeonpea and mulberry leaves in two stages of maturity.
An endophytic fungus from Azadirachta indica A. Juss. that produces azadirachtin.
Azadirachtin production by hairy root cultivation of Azadirachta indica in a modified stirred tank reactor.
Assessment of genetic diversity of 12 populations of Azadirachta indica A. Juss from three different locations in Lagos State, Nigeria using RAPD markers.
Increased production of azadirachtin from an improved method of androgenic cultures of a medicinal tree Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Utilisation of priority traditional medicinal plants and local people’s knowledge on their conservation status in arid lands of Kenya (Mwingi District).
Apate terebrans (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae) attacking neem trees in Brazil].
Evaluation of Azadirachta indica leaf fractions for in vitro antioxidant potential and protective effects against H2O2-induced oxidative damage to pBR322 DNA and red blood cells.
Management of corm-rot disease of Gladiolus by plant extracts.
Fungitoxicity of some higher plants and synergistic activity of their essential oils against Sclerotium rolfsii sacc. causing foot-rot disease of barley.
The endophytic mycoflora of bark, leaf, and stem tissues of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (neem) from Varanasi (India).
Neem (Azadirachta indica) seed kernel powder retards urease and nitrification activities in different soils at contrasting moisture and temperature regimes.
Enhanced Nematicidal Activity of Organic and Inorganic Ammonia-Releasing Amendments by Azadirachta indica Extracts.
Native Kenyan plants as possible alternatives to methyl bromide in soil fumigation.
Safety evaluation of neem (Azadirachta indica) derived pesticides.
Neem leaves as a source of fertilizer-cum-pesticide vermicompost.
Variability in Neem (Azadirachta indica) with respect to azadirachtin content.
Viability loss of neem (Azadirachta indica) seeds associated with membrane phase behaviour.
A study of water relations in neem (Azadirachta indica) seed that is characterized by complex storage behaviour.
Kinetics and thermodynamics of Methylene Blue adsorption on Neem (< i> Azadirachta indica</i>) leaf powder
Assessment of genetic diversity in Azadirachta indica using AFLP markers
Development of shoots and roots in anther-derived callus of Azadirachta indica A. Juss.—a medicinal tree
Is oxidative stress involved in the loss of neem (Azadirachta indica) seed viability?
Regional and habitat variability in azadirachtin content of Indian neem (Azadirachta indica A. Jusieu)
Growth, root alteration, and nutrient uptake of neem tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) seedlings in response to vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphorus …
Chemical characterization of Azadirachta indica grafted on Melia azedarach and analyses of azadirachtin by HPLC‐MS‐MS (SRM) and meliatoxins by MALDI‐MS
Effect of saline irrigation water of varying EC, SAR and RSC levels on germination and seedling growth of some forest species.

Plant Tissue Culture Research:
In vitro propagation of neem, Azadirachta indica (A. Juss), from leaf discs.
Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.)
In vitro clonal propagation of an adult tree of neem (< i> Azadirachta indica</i> A. Juss.) by forced axillary branching
Development of shoots and roots in anther-derived callus of Azadirachta indica A. Juss.—a medicinal tree
In vitro clonal propagation of neem (Azadirachta indica)
Induction of somatic embryogenesis in Azadirachta indica
Somatic embryogenesis in neem (Azadirachta indica)
Role of phytohormones and nitrogen in somatic embryogenesis induction in cell culture derived from leaflets of Azadirachta indica
Production of azadirachtin from plant tissue culture: state of the art and future prospects
Plant regeneration from different explants of neem
Effects of flask sealing and growth regulators on in vitro propagation of neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.)
In vitro cloning of Azadirachta indica from root explants

Selected Scholarly Pest Biology & Insecticide Papers:
In vitro and in vivo effects of neem tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) products on larvae of the sheep nose bot fly (Oestrus ovis L. Díptera: Oestridae).
Diversity of flora used for the cure of equine diseases in selected peri-urban areas of Punjab, Pakistan.
Endogenous recipes for controlling arthropod ectoparasites of domestic poultry.
Neurotoxicity of neem commercial formulation (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) in adult zebrafish (Danio rerio).
Tertiary combination of freeze-dried urine of Indian breeds of cow with plant products against snail Lymnaea acuminata.
Azadirachta indica treatment on the congenital malformations of fetuses from rats.
Antibacterial and antiviral evaluation of Sulfonoquinovosyldiacylglyceride (SQDG): A glycolipid isolated from Azadirachta indica leaves.
Omani propolis: chemical profiling, antibacterial activity and new propolis plant sources.
Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and five terpenoid compounds against Campylobacter jejuni in pure and mixed culture experiments.
Neem derivatives are not effective as toxic bait for tephritid fruit flies.
Action of neem oil (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) on cocoon spinning in Ceraeochrysa claveri (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae).
Development of a New Method To Prepare Nano-/microparticles Loaded with Extracts of Azadirachta indica , Their Characterization and Use in Controlling Plutella xylostella.
Antimicrobial activity of a neem cake extract in a broth model meat system.
Brine shrimp toxicity and antimalarial activity of some plants traditionally used in treatment of malaria in Msambweni district of Kenya.
Leaf extract of Azadirachta indica (neem): a potential antibiofilm agent for Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Antimicrobial efficacy of endodontic irrigants from Azadirachta indica: An in vitro study.
Iota-Carrageenan-based biodegradable Ag0 nanocomposite hydrogels for the inactivation of bacteria.
Inhibition of dextransucrase activity in Streptococcus mutans by plant phenolics.
The acaricidal efficacy of aqueous neem extract and ivermectin against Sarcoptes scabiei var. cuniculi in experimentally infested rabbits.
Toxicity profile of ethanolic extract of Azadirachta indica stem bark in male Wistar rats.
The efficacy of neem extract on four microorganisms responsible for causing dental caries viz Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus mitis and Streptococcus sanguis: an in vitro study.
Potential use of neem leaf slurry as a sustainable dry season management strategy to control the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE) in west African villages.
Azadirachta indica (neem) leaf dietary effects on the immunity response and disease resistance of Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer challenged with Vibrio harveyi.
Antiviral activity and mode of action of extracts from neem seed kernel against duck plague virus in vitro1.
Endophytic Fungal Flora from Roots and Fruits of an Indian Neem Plant Azadirachta indica A. Juss., and Impact of Culture Media on their Isolation.
Sensitivity of two in vitro assays for evaluating plant activity against the infective stage of Haemonchus contortus strains.
Immunological and physiological parameters of Biomphalaria alexandrina snails exposed to Azadirachta indica plant.
The in vitro antiviral property of Azadirachta indica polysaccharides for poliovirus.
Efficacy of natural products against Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) in Nepal.
Effects of neem oil (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) on midgut cells of predatory larvae Ceraeochrysa claveri (Navás, 1911) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae).
In vitro activity of neem (Azadirachta indica) and cassava (Manihot esculenta) on three pre-parasitic stages of susceptible and resistant strains of Teladorsagia (Ostertagia) circumcincta.
Neem cake: chemical composition and larvicidal activity on Asian tiger mosquito.
Repellency of the oily extract of neem seeds (Azadirachta indica) against Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae).
Aqueous neem extract versus neem powder on Culex quinquefasciatus: implications for control in anthropogenic habitats.
Ultrastructural analysis of the oocytes of female Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks subjected to the action of Azadirachta indica A. Juss (neem).
Spinosad and neem seed kernel extract as bio-controlling agents for malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi and non-biting midge, Chironomus circumdatus.
Acaricidal activity of Cymbopogon citratus and Azadirachta indica against house dust mites.
Inhibitory action of neem aqueous extract (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) on the vitellogenesis of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806) (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks.
Observations on effects of a neem seed extract (MiteStop®) on biting lice (mallophages) and bloodsucking insects parasitizing horses.
Ovicidal effects of a neem seed extract preparation on eggs of body and head lice.
Light and scanning electron microscopic investigations on MiteStop-treated poultry red mites.
Isolation and identification of the antibacterial active compound from petroleum ether extract of neem oil.
Development of a new controlled pesticide delivery system based on neem leaf powder.
Neem-tree (Azadirachta indica Juss.) extract as a feed additive against the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) in sheep (Ovis aries).
Effect of aqueous extract of Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaves on germination and seedling growth of Vigna radiata (L.).
Assessment of knowledge and usage custom of traditional insect/mosquito repellent plants in Addis Zemen Town, South Gonder, North Western Ethiopia.
Control of the mushroom phorid fly, Megaselia halterata (Wood), with plant extracts.
Neem seed extract shampoo, Wash Away Louse, an effective plant agent against Sarcoptes scabiei mites infesting dogs in Egypt.
Acute lethal and sublethal effects of neem leaf extract on the neotropical freshwater fish Prochilodus lineatus.
Daily feeding of fresh Neem leaves (Azadirachta indica) for worm control in sheep.
Chemopreventative strategies targeting the MGMT repair protein: augmented expression in human lymphocytes and tumor cells by ethanolic and aqueous extracts of several Indian medicinal plants.
Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf preparation induces prophylactic growth inhibition of murine Ehrlich carcinoma in Swiss and C57BL/6 mice by activation of NK cells and NK-T cells.
Efficacy of neem seed extract shampoo on head lice of naturally infected humans in Egypt.
Medicinal plants used for dogs in Trinidad and Tobago.

Selected Scholarly Human Medicine & Associated Chemistry Papers:
The Potential Role of Azadirachta indica Treatment on Cisplatin-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Oxidative Stress in Female Rats.
Comparison of antimicrobial efficacy of propolis, Morinda citrifolia, Azadirachta indica (Neem) and 5% sodium hypochlorite on Candida albicans biofilm formed on tooth substrate: An in-vitro study.
Shedding light on bioactivity of botanical by-products: neem cake compounds deter oviposition of the arbovirus vector Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in the field.
In vivo antimalarial evaluation of MAMA decoction on Plasmodium berghei in mice.
Triterpenoids from the fruits of Azadirachta indica (Meliaceae).
Direct inhibition of Retinoblastoma phosphorylation by Nimbolide causes cell cycle arrest and suppresses glioblastoma growth.
Haemolytic anaemia after ingestion of Neem (Azadirachta indica) tea.
Development of a Sensitive HPTLC Method for Quantification of Nimbolide in Azadirachta indica and Its Dosage Form.
Effect of Lower Doses of Vanadate in Combination with Azadirachta indica Leaf Extract on Hepatic and Renal Antioxidant Enzymes in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats.
Review on pharmacological and toxicologyical effects of oleum azadirachti oil.
Inhibitory effects of neem seed oil and its extract on various direct acting and activation-dependant mutagens-induced bacterial mutagenesis.
Azadirachta indica ethanolic extract protects neurons from apoptosis and mitigates brain swelling in experimental cerebral malaria.
Neem (Azadirachta indica): prehistory to contemporary medicinal uses to humankind.
Traditional medicinal plants used for the treatment of diabetes in rural and urban areas of Dhaka, Bangladesh–an ethnobotanical survey.
Role of aqueous extract of Azadirachta indica leaves in an experimental model of Alzheimer’s disease in rats.
An increase of granulosa cell apoptosis mediates aqueous neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extract-induced oocyte apoptosis in rat.
Pharmacodynamic evaluation for antiplasmodial activity of Holarrhena antidysentrica (Kutaja) and Azadirachta indica (Neemb) in Plasmodium berghei infected mice model.
Modulatory effects of Azadirachta indica leaf extract on cutaneous and hepatic biochemical status during promotion phase of DMBA/TPA-induced skin tumorigenesis in mice.
Cytotoxic evaluation of Melia azedarach in comparison with, Azadirachta indica and its phytochemical investigation.
Effect of Neem Leaf Extract (Azadirachta indica) on c-Myc Oncogene Expression in 4T1 Breast Cancer Cells of BALB/c Mice.
Bioassay of Eucalyptus extracts for anticancer activity against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (eac) cells in Swiss albino mice.
Sequence Determination of a Novel Tripeptide Isolated from the Young Leaves of Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
A 90-day subchronic toxicity study of neem oil, a Azadirachta indica oil, in mice.
Toxicological evaluation of neem (Azadirachta indica) oil: acute and subacute toxicity.
Neem leaf glycoprotein activates CD8(+) T cells to promote therapeutic anti-tumor immunity inhibiting the growth of mouse sarcoma.
Azadirachta indica mitigates behavioral impairments, oxidative damage, histological alterations and apoptosis in focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model of rats.
Strengthening of antioxidant defense by Azadirachta indica in alloxan-diabetic rat tissues.
Tissue engineered plant extracts as nanofibrous wound dressing.
Induction of apoptosis in human breast cancer cells by nimbolide through extrinsic and intrinsic pathway.
Evaluation of anti-plaque microbial activity of Azadirachta indica (neem oil) in vitro: A pilot study.
Formulation and evaluation of herbal anti-acne moisturizer.
Meliacinolin: a potent α-glucosidase and α-amylase inhibitor isolated from Azadirachta indica leaves and in vivo antidiabetic property in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced type 2 diabetes in mice.
Protective effect of Azadirachta indica extract against Eimeria papillata-induced coccidiosis.
Biodegradable polymer based encapsulation of neem oil nanoemulsion for controlled release of Aza-A.
Anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of Azadirachta indica fruit skin extract and its isolated constituent azadiradione.
Treatment with Azadirachta indica in diabetic pregnant rats: negative effects on maternal outcome.
Neem oil limonoids induces p53-independent apoptosis and autophagy.
Characterization of nimbidiol as a potent intestinal disaccharidase and glucoamylase inhibitor present in Azadirachta indica (neem) useful for the treatment of diabetes.
Quality assessment and scavenging activity of Siamese neem flower extract.
The anticancer effect of 2′-3′-dehydrosalannol on triple-negative breast cancer cells.
An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in Terai forest of western Nepal.
Histopathological, enzymatic, and molecular alterations induced by cigarette smoke inhalation in the pulmonary tissue of mice and its amelioration by aqueous Azadirachta indica leaf extract.
Post-surgical scalp wounds with exposed bone treated with a plant-derived wound therapeutic.
Antioxidant effect of Azadirachta indica on high fat diet induced diabetic Charles Foster rats.
Synergistic antidiabetic activity of Vernonia amygdalina and Azadirachta indica: biochemical effects and possible mechanism.
Antiangiogenic Effects and Therapeutic Targets of Azadirachta indica Leaf Extract in Endothelial Cells.
To evaluate the antigingivitis and antipalque effect of an Azadirachta indica (neem) mouthrinse on plaque induced gingivitis: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial.
Ethnoveterinary remedies of diseases among milk yielding animals in Kathua, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
The Methanol Extract of Azadirachta indica A. Juss Leaf Protects Mice Against Lethal Endotoxemia and Sepsis.
Azadirachta indica exhibits chemopreventive action against hepatic cancer: Studies on associated histopathological and ultrastructural changes.
Attenuation of nonenzymatic glycation, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by chloroform leaf extract of Azadirachta indica.
Documentation and determination of consensus about phytotherapeutic veterinary practices among the Tharu tribal community of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Neem leaf glycoprotein inhibits CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs to restrict murine tumor growth.
Anticancer biology of Azadirachta indica L (neem): a mini review.
Antioxidant activity of phenolic and flavonoid compounds in some medicinal plants of India.
Documentation and quantitative analysis of the local knowledge on medicinal plants among traditional Siddha healers in Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu, India.
Extract of Azadirachta indica (Neem) Leaf Induces Apoptosis in 4T1 Breast Cancer BALB/c Mice.
Impact of curcumin, raspberry extract, and neem leaf extract on rel protein-regulated cell death/radiosensitization in pancreatic cancer cells.
Cytotoxic triterpenoids from Azadirachta indica.
Formulation and comparative evaluation of poly herbal anti-acne face wash gels.
Novel molecular targets of Azadirachta indica associated with inhibition of tumor growth in prostate cancer.
Azadirachta indica exerts chemopreventive action against murine skin cancer: studies on histopathological, ultrastructural changes and modulation of NF-kappaB, AP-1, and STAT1.
Anti-inflammatory, pro-apoptotic, and anti-proliferative effects of a methanolic neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extract are mediated via modulation of the nuclear factor-κB pathway.
Medical pluralism on Mfangano Island: use of medicinal plants among persons living with HIV/AIDS in Suba District, Kenya.
Cytotoxic and apoptosis-inducing activities of limonoids from the seeds of Azadirachta indica (neem).
Effects of Azadirachta indica on certain hematological parameters during benzo(a)pyrene induced murine forestomach tumorigenesis.
Induction of apoptosis and inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway in PC-3 and LNCaP prostate cancer cells by ethanolic neem leaf extract.
Neem leaf glycoprotein partially rectifies suppressed dendritic cell functions and associated T cell efficacy in patients with stage IIIB cervical cancer.
An extract of neem leaves reduces anxiety without causing motor side effects in an experimental model.
Induction of apoptosis and inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway in PC-3 and LNCaP prostate cancer cells by ethanolic neem leaf extract.
Neem leaf extract induces radiosensitization in human neuroblastoma xenograft through modulation of apoptotic pathway.
Clinical evidence to demonstrate that simultaneous growth of epithelial and fibroblast cells is essential for deep wound healing.
Anti-plasmodial effects of Azadirachta indica in experimental cerebral malaria: Apoptosis of cerebellar Purkinje cells of mice as a marker.
Identification of a sulfonoquinovosyldiacylglyceride from Azadirachta indica and studies on its cytotoxic activity and DNA binding properties.
Modification of cysteine 179 of IkappaBalpha kinase by nimbolide leads to down-regulation of NF-kappaB-regulated cell survival and proliferative proteins and sensitization of tumor cells to chemotherapeutic agents.
Chemopreventive activity of Azadirachta indica on two-stage skin carcinogenesis in murine model.
Anti-clastogenic activity of Azadirachta indica against benzo(a)pyrene in murine forestomach tumorigenesis bioassay.
Restoration of dysregulated CC chemokine signaling for monocyte/macrophage chemotaxis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients by neem leaf glycoprotein maximizes tumor cell cytotoxicity.
Effects of plants and plant products on the testis.
The neem limonoids azadirachtin and nimbolide induce cell cycle arrest and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells.
Antimicrobial activities of skincare preparations from plant extracts.
In vitro antiviral activity of neem (Azardirachta indica L.) bark extract against herpes simplex virus type-1 infection.
Neem leaf glycoprotein matures myeloid derived dendritic cells and optimizes anti-tumor T cell functions.
The neem limonoids azadirachtin and nimbolide inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in an animal model of oral oncogenesis.
Chemoprevention of rat mammary carcinogenesis by Azadirachta indica leaf fractions: modulation of hormone status, xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes, oxidative stress, cell proliferation and apoptosis.
Neem leaf glycoprotein induces perforin-mediated tumor cell killing by T and NK cells through differential regulation of IFNgamma signaling.
The use of neem for controlling gastric hyperacidity and ulcer.
The azadirachtin story.
Combinatorial chemopreventive effect of Azadirachta indica and Ocimum sanctum on oxidant-antioxidant status, cell proliferation, apoptosis and angiogenesis in a rat forestomach carcinogenesis model.
Nimbolide a limonoid from Azadirachta indica inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of human choriocarcinoma (BeWo) cells.
Spermicidal agents.
Histochemical, ultrastructural, and biochemical evidences for Azadirachta indica-induced apoptosis in benzo(a)pyrene-induced murine forestomach tumors.
Neem leaf glycoprotein helps to generate carcinoembryonic antigen specific anti-tumor immune responses utilizing macrophage-mediated antigen presentation.
Synthesis of natural products from the Indian neem tree Azadirachta indica.
Neem leaf glycoprotein restores the impaired chemotactic activity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients by maintaining CXCR3/CXCL10 balance.
Azadirachta indica leaf extract modulates initiation phase of murine forestomach tumorigenesis.
Total synthesis of azadirachtin–finally completed after 22 years.
Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity of tumor cells initiated by neem leaf preparation is associated with CD40-CD40L-mediated endogenous production of interleukin-12.
The effect of mango and neem extract on four organisms causing dental caries: Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivavius, Streptococcus mitis, and Streptococcus sanguis: an in vitro study.
Neem leaf preparation induces apoptosis of tumor cells by releasing cytotoxic cytokines from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
Impediment of diethylnitrosamine induced hepatotoxicity in male Balb/c mice by pretreatment with aqueous Azadirachta indica leaf extract.
Neem leaf preparation enhances Th1 type immune response and anti-tumor immunity against breast tumor associated antigen.
Semi-synthetic modification of nimbolide to 6-homodesacetylnimbin and 6-desacetylnimbin and their cytotoxic studies.
Effect of Azadirachta indica leaf methanol extracts on stem cell reproduction.
Antiproliferative effect on human cancer cell lines after treatment with nimbolide extracted from an edible part of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica).
A new tetracyclic triterpenoid from the leaves of Azadirachta indica.
Clinical investigation of hypoglycemic effect of seeds of Azadirachta-inidca in type-2 (NIDDM) diabetes mellitus.
Antioxidative and modifying effects of a tropical plant Azadirachta indica (Neem) on azoxymethane-induced preneoplastic lesions in the rat colon.
Inhibition of colon cancer (HT-29) cell proliferation by a triterpenoid isolated from Azadirachta indica is accompanied by cell cycle arrest and up-regulation of p21.
Pretreatment with neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf preparation in Swiss mice diminishes leukopenia and enhances the antitumor activity of cyclophosphamide.
Modulatory effects of Azadirachta indica on benzo(a)pyrene-induced forestomach tumorigenesis in mice.
Prophylactic dose of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf preparation restricting murine tumor growth is nontoxic, hematostimulatory and immunostimulatory.
Cytotoxic and antiproliferative effects induced by a non terpenoid polar extract of A. indica seeds on 3T6 murine fibroblasts in culture.
Protective effects of ethanolic neem leaf extract on DMBA-induced genotoxicity and oxidative stress in mice.
Extract of Azadirachta indica (neem) leaf induces apoptosis in rat oocytes cultured in vitro.
Chemomodulatory effects of Azadirachta indica on the hepatic status of skin tumor bearing mice.
Anticancer effects of ethanolic neem leaf extract on prostate cancer cell line (PC-3).
Medicinal properties of neem leaves: a review.
The isomeric compounds nimbolide and isonimbolide.
Neuroprotective effect of Azadirachta indica on cerebral post-ischemic reperfusion and hypoperfusion in rats.
Mechanism of antiulcer effect of Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extract: effect on H+-K+-ATPase, oxidative damage and apoptosis.
Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf mediated immune activation causes prophylactic growth inhibition of murine Ehrlich carcinoma and B16 melanoma.
Azadirachtol, a tetranortriterpenoid from neem kernels.
Gastroprotective effect of Neem (Azadirachta indica) bark extract: possible involvement of H(+)-K(+)-ATPase inhibition and scavenging of hydroxyl radical.
Three new tetranortriterpenoids from neem seed oil.
Radiosensitizing effects of neem (Azadirachta indica) oil.
Anti-microbial activity of a new vaginal contraceptive NIM-76 from neem oil (Azadirachta indica).
Chemistry of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.).
Triterpenoids of the fruit coats of azadirachta indica
Possible biochemical mode of anti-inflammatory action of Azadirachta indica A. Juss. in rats.
Induced termination of pregnancy by purified extracts of Azadirachta Indica (Neem): mechanisms involved.
Multicentric, placebo-controlled, randomised double-blind evaluation of a new herbal cream in vagial infections.
Ethanolic neem leaf extract protects against N-methyl -N’-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine-induced gastric carcinogenesis in Wistar rats.
Chemoprotective effects of ethanolic extract of neem leaf against MNNG-induced oxidative stress.
Chemopreventive Potential of Neem Flowers on Carcinogen-Induced Rat Mammary and Liver Carcinogenesis.

Selected Scholarly Phytoremediation Papers:
Removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution and industrial effluent using natural biosorbents.
Removal of cadmium(II) from wastewater using activated carbon prepared from Agro Industrial by-products.
Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) of some tree species growing near rail roads of Madurai, Tamil Nadu (India).
Effect of pest controlling neem and mata-raton leaf extracts on greenhouse gas emissions from urea-amended soil cultivated with beans: a greenhouse experiment.
Heavy metal bioaccumulation in selected medicinal plants collected from Khetri copper mines and comparison with those collected from fertile soil in Haridwar, India.
Comparison of neem or oregano with thiram on organic matter decomposition of a sand loam soil amended with compost, and on soil biological activity.
Reclamation of tannery polluted soil through phytoremediation.
The use of Neem biomass for the biosorption of zinc from aqueous solutions.
Biosorption of zinc from aqueous solution using Azadirachta indica bark: equilibrium and kinetic studies.
Azadirachata indicum (Neem): an effective biosorbent for the removal of lead (II) from aqueous solutions.
Mercury emission and distribution: Potential environmental risks at a small-scale gold mining operation, Phichit Province, Thailand.
Neem leaf preparation enhances Th1 type immune response and anti-tumor immunity against breast tumor associated antigen.
Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaf powder as a biosorbent for removal of Cd(II) from aqueous medium.
Adsorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solution by Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaf powder.
Studies on the use of neem products for removal of ammonia from brackishwater.
Effect of textile industrial effluent on tree plantation and soil chemistry.
Pb, Zn, and Cu levels in tree barks as indicator of atmospheric pollution.
Copper corrosion inhibition by< i> Azadirachta indica</i> leaves extract in 0.5 M sulphuric acid


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