Malanga is a root vegetable popular in the tropics and South America. In Florida, malanga is the most popular form of cocoyam, which is a general name applied to several species of Xanthosoma. It is also called yautia, cocoyam, eddo, coco, tannia, sato-imo, and Japanese potatoes. Leafy species of Xanthosoma not grown for tubers are called belembe and calalous.
There are several different malangas: Malanga blanca (Xantyosoma sagittifikium), considered the true malanga, which grows on dry land. Another is malanga amarillo (Xanthosoma atrovirens) which grows in wet bog-like areas.
Generally, malanga resembles dasheen (taro) and the elephant-ear plant with large green leaves about 2 feet wide by 2 1/2 feet long. The malanga plant may attain a height of 5 feet or more. Edible tubers (cormels) are formed in the soil at the base of the plant. A central large tuber (corm) is formed, with a cluster of cormels, grayish brown to black lateral tubers, around it. Malanga are about the size and shape of a regular white potato; they look a little like an overgrown gladiola bulb, because the outside skin of the malanga is brown and somewhat hairy. It generally weighs 1/2 to 2 pounds, but can be heavier. The interior has an extremely crisp texture and can vary in color from cream, yellow or pink.
Malanga is widely grown and used in the tropics. In South Florida, it has been grown in small patches for many year s and on a limited commercial sale since 1963 to meet the demands of Latin Americans living here. In Cuban markets, Malanga islena is actually taro root, not Malanga root. Malanga amarilla, or yellow malanga, has the barrel-shape of taro, but is truly Malanga. Experts on the subject claim that this apricot- to yellow-fleshed tuber is the only Malanga in which the rounded central corm is eaten instead of the smaller irregularly club-shaped surrounding cormels. Called Malanga in Cuba, Puerto Ricans call it yautia.
Ripening: Not necessary
Ethylene Production: Low
Ethylene Sensitivity: Low
Shelf Life: Malangas should not be stored for long periods of time. Outside of soil substrates, they tends to dry out.
Storage Temperature: 52°F
Storage Humidity: 70% – 80%
Xanthosoma atrovirens data links:
Bing Images – Dave’s Garden – Google Search – Pacific Island Agroforestry – Plant Atlas –PubMed – USDA – Wikipedia
Seed propagation of Xanthosoma caracu (Cocoyam) as a potential means of pathogen elmination and genetic improvement
Plant Germplasm (definition):
Ape (Ah-pay), Anyamanya cocoyam, Arvi, Calaloo bush, Camacho, Cara, Dasheen, Eddoes, Inhame, Inhame roxo, Keladi, Malanga amarilla, Malanga cabeza, Malanga blanca, Malanga islena, Malanga lila, Mangarito, New cocoyams, Old Cocoyam, Papa China, Red coco, Slippery dips, Suran, Taioba, Taioba, Talas, Tanier, Taioba roxa, Tannia, Taro Root, Yautia amarilla, Yautia blanca, Yautia lila.
Any portion of genetic material that can be grown into a live plant. Examples include seeds, stem cuttings (via many methods including air layering), root cuttings, root divisions (multiplication via division), leaf cuttings, leaf fragments (in tissue culture), rooted nodes (vines), “eyes” (offshoots from potato tubers), cacti pieces, etc. The term germplasm can also be used to describe a collection of genetic resources for an organism such as as a seed collection or, for trees, a nursery.
Buy live tropical Yam (Dioscorea) plants. Edible Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas) tubers for sale. Order Live Malanga (Xanthosoma), Eddo & Taro (Colocasia esculenta) corms. Purchase perennial ginger (Zingiber officinale), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) & turmeric (Curcuma longa zedoaria) rhizomes. Selling Jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus) 'yam bean' seeds. Live Semi-Aquatic Water Chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) bulbs shipped worldwide. Note:
Typically our bulb type live products are dunked into bucket full of an aqueous (water) solution of "Myco Madness
" (mycorrhizal fungi
), Humic Acid & Fulvic Acid
along with the PGR's Brassinolide
, Indole Butryic Acid (IBA)
and Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA)
to ensure root growth is triggered. Next the germplasm materials are packed into organic Coconut Coir which itself contains natural rooting hormones. If you intend to eat the roots you'll be ordering include a note and the roots won't be dunked in the PGR solution (which is more effective than compound powder or gel even though water doesn't 'stick' to it).
All live plants, bulbs and recalcitrant seeds are regularly inoculated with numerous strains of beneficial symbiotic mycorrhizal
fungi & bacteria (listed below) essential for strong healthy plant roots. Generally this is one of the last aspects of horticultural science that gardeners learn about when it should be the first. Beneficial Ectomycorrhiza: Laccaria bicolor
, Laccaria laccata
, Pisiolithus tinctorius
, Rhizopogon amylopogon
, Rhizopogon fulvigleba
, Rhizopogon luteolus
, Rhizopogon roseolus
, Rhizopogon subcaerulescens
, Rhizopogon villosulus
, Rhizopogon vulgaris
, Scleroderma cepa
, Scleroderma citrinni
, Suillus granulatus
, Suillus punctatepies Beneficial Endomycorrhiza:
Gigaspora brasilianum, Gigaspora margarita
, Gigaspora monosporum, Glomus aggregatum
, Glomus clarum
, Glomus deserticola
, Glomus entunicatum
, Glomus intraradices
, Glomus monosporum
, Glomus mosseae Beneficial Tricoderma: Trichoderma harzianum
, Trichoderma koningii Beneficial Bacteria: Acidovorax facilis
, Azotobacter chroococcum
, Azotobacter polymxa, Bacillus azotoformans, Bacillus coagulans
, Bacillus licheniformis
, Bacillus megaterium
, Bacillus pumilus
, Bacillus stearothermophilus
, Bacillus subtilis
, Bacillus thuringiensis
, Cellulomonas flavigena,
Paenibacillus dorum, Paenibacillus florescence, Paenibacillus gordonae, Paenibacillus polymyxa
, Psuedomonas aureofaceans
, Saccharomyces cerevisiae
. Most of these strains are available in water soluble form in "Myco Madness" (available here at M.S.B.).
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Germplasm Factory - Micronursery - Commercial Seed Bank
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