Gingers, ZEDOARY (Curcuma zedoaria) ‘White Turmeric’


NOTICE: Live plant orders will be delayed as we haven’t quite yet brought these back from winter dormancy.

USES: Food / Spice, Medicinal, Ornamental

Zedoary (White Turmeric) is the closest cousin to Yellow Turmeric. It features Curcumin, two other primary from Curcuminoids Yellow Turneric and some unique Curcuminoids, as well as dozens of Curcuminoid related natural components. This is n’t anywhere near as well sytied as yelllow, but is probably the second most out of the over 100 Curcuma species.

Read our exhaustive Yellow Turmeric Medical Reference Guide. This exclusive guide took a full year to construct, and features over 1000 science links covering over 50 major diseases.

Turmeric orders ship by the Priority Mail Flat Rate box. A Small Flat Rate Box (SFRB) holds about 50 full live rhizomes, while the Medium Flat Rate Box (MFRB) holds about 300 and the Large Flat Rate Box (LFRB) holds about 575. Root piece sizes vary of course. Boxed orders of Live Turmeric wont be dipped in any kind of hormones or chemicals in case the roots are to be eaten. They will ship packed in natural root promoting cocopeat (not pictured), the perfect growth medium for Turmeric.

These food grade live rhizomes (like a bulb) are perfectly edible and can be used to grow live plants. They usually ship packed in natural cocopeat, the perfect substrate to grow them in. White fingerling roots (the offsets that are usually pictured and consumed) on average are quite a bit larger than Yellow roots, but not quite double the size. Yellow fingerling roots can get up to about the same size, but usually there’s lots a variability in the sizes of the pieces.

Unlock the true anti-ailment power of Curcuminoids with live root material that contains the fresh essential oils. We’re now offering 1 Cup plastic tubs of whole Black Peppercorns with 1 pound of fresh Turmeric roots. The peppercorns are like tiny little pills very easy to swallow almost without noticing. Slightly crush them before swallowing for maximum effectiveness. Chewing the roots is good for your gums and whiten your teeth. Also offering a “Double Turmeric + Pepper Combo” that adds 1 lb. of fresh roots from it’s closest cousin: Yellow Turmeric.

Ordering Options:
1 Live Rhizome | 10 Live Rhizomes | 1 SFRBox Rhizomes | 1 MFRBox Rhizomes | 1 LFRBox Rhizomes | 1 Root + Black Pepper Combo | 1 Double Turmeric + Pepper Combo | One 6-10″ Live Plant | Five 6-10″ Live Plants | One 10-16″ Live Plant | One 20-30″ Live Plant

NOTICE: Live plant orders will be delayed as we haven’t quite yet brought these back from winter dormancy.



Product Description

White Turmeric Overview:
Curcuma zedoaria, known as కచొరము kacōramu in Telugu, is the name for a perennial herb and member of the genus Curcuma Linn., family Zingiberaceae. It is also known as White Turmeric. The plant is native to India and Indonesia. It was introduced to Europe by Arabs around the sixth century, but its use as a spice in the West today is extremely rare, having been replaced by common ginger.

A rhizomatous herb; leaf-shoots may reaching a height of up to 1 m and carry about 5 leaves. The rhizomes provide an easily digested starch. It is used as a component in infant and invalid diets. An essential oil can also be extracted and used in perfumery and medicinal preparations. Leaves are used for flavouring fish and other culinary purposes. Rhizomes can be harvested about 300 days after planting. Zedoary is considered native weed of northeastern India. It can be found at elevations up to 900 m. It requires a hot, humid climate. Zedoary is a rhizome with a thin brown skin and a pale yellow, hard interior. Its smell is similar to turmeric and mango. Because of the mango-like fragrance, zedoary is called amb halad in many Indian languages (amb means mango). Uses: Improves blood circulation, ant contusion, and improves menstrual flow. It helps in abdominal cramps, amenorrhea-abdominal pain and rheumatic pain. It also helps in pain and swelling associated with sprains.

Of 110 species of the genus Curcuma L., only about 20 species have been studied phytochemically. Curcuma longa is the most chemically investigated species of Curcuma. To date, at least 235 compounds, primarily phenolic compounds and terpenoids have been identified, including diarylheptanoids (including commonly known as curcuminoids), diarylpentanoids, monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenoids, alkaloid, and sterols, etc. The main active components are Cucuminoids (3-15%) and essential oils (1.5-5%). Turmeric extracts or the active curcuminoids have also shown neuroprotective, nootropic, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, hypoglycemic (anti-diabetic), anti-amyloidogenic, antimicrobial, antifungal, parasiticidal, antioxidant, anti-tumor, larvicidal, chemo-resistance and radio-resistance activities.

Medicinal Uses of Zedoary:
In Pakistan and India, it is believed that this rhizome is an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and an anti-periodic (preventing the recurrence of a fever, for example). Modern herbal practitioners believe that it helps cell regeneration and use it for relieving digestive disorders, including ulcers and indigestion. It is also used as a blood purifier and as the starch is easily digested, it is given to young children as a healthy alternative to other farinaceous products. It is believed that a diet which includes finely ground zedoary will prevent infant colic. It is often used as a remedy for respiratory ailments. In Ayurvedic medicine it is thought to be a cure for erectile dysfunction and a body stimulant, as it tones the muscles in the uterus, it is prescribed as an aphrodisiac to both men and women. The rhizome is used for curing stomach diseases, toothache, blood stagnation, leucoderma, tuberculosis, enlargement of spleen, and for promoting menstruation in traditional medicine in Asia [23]. Anti-inflammatory activity [2425], antifungal activity [26], antiulcer activity [2728], antimicrobial effect [132829], hepatoprotective activity [3031], antiamoebic effect [32], of this plant rhizome have been reported. The Curcuma zedoaria rhizome is termed Ezhu in Chinese and is extensively used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat various ovarian and cervical cancers. Curdione isolated from this plant has been found to inhibit prostaglandin E2 production and cyclooxygenase-2 expression, both of which are implicated in inflammation and carcinogenic process [33]. Some novel compounds like curuminoids have been isolated from Curcuma zedoaria which has inhibitory activity against Ovarian cancer cell lines (OVCAR-3) [34]. Elemene isolated from Curcuma zedoaria rhizome has been found to have substantial antitumour activity against promyelocytic leukemic HL-60 cells [14]. Curcumin and curcumenol are reported to inhibit the growth of S-180 sarcoma cells and mouse cervical U-14 cells [13]. The rhizomes are reported to contain several sesquiterpenoid compounds [3536]. CZ-1-III, the polysaccharide fractions from Curcuma zedoaria, was found to decrease the tumor size sarcoma 180 of mouse and prevents chromosomal mutation [37]. Macrophage-stimulating activity of Curcuma zedoaria and its possibility of being used as a biological response modifier have been reported [38].

Main Chemical Constituent Composition in Curcuma zedoaria Rhizomes

Like the closely related Yellow Turmeric, Zedoary contains several Cucuminoids and related components.

Curcuminoid Content of Zedaory (Curcuma zedoaria):

Sesquiterpene Content of Zedaory (Curcuma zedoaria):
Furanodiene, furanodienone, zederone, curzerenone, curzeone, germacrone, curcumenol,
zedoaronediol, germacrone-4,5-epoxide, germacrone, furanodienone, curzerenone, zederone, dehydrocurdione, curcumenol, isocurcumenol, curcumenone, curmanolide Acurmanolide B, zedoarofuran, 4-epicurcumenol, neocurcumenol, gajutsulactone A, gajutsulactone B, zedoarolides A, zedoarolides B, zedoalactone A, zedoalactone A, Zedoarol, 13-hydroxygermacrone, curzeone, curcumenone, curcumanolide-A, curcumanolide-B, a-turmerone, b-turmerone

Other Components in Zedoary (Curcuma zedoaria):
Curzerenone (22-31%), germacrone (9-11%), 1,8-cineole (15%), 8,9-Dehydro-9-formyl-cycloisolongifolene, 6-ethenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-3,6-dimethyl-5-isopropenyl-trans-benzofuran, eucalyptol, γ-elemene, curdione

Chemical Constituent in Curcuma zedoaria Leaves:
The essential oil, which was produced by hydrodistillation of Curcuma zedoaria (Zingiberaceae) leaves, was investigated by GC and GC/MS. Twenty-three compounds were identified, accounting for 75% of the oil. The oil of C. zedoaria was made up mainly of mono- and sesquiterpenoids, monoterpene hydrocarbons (2.3%), oxygenated monoterpenes (26%), sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (38%), and oxygenated sesquiterpenes (13.5%). alpha-Terpinyl acetate (8.4%), isoborneol (7%), dehydrocurdione (9%) and selina-4(15),7(11)-dien-8-one (9.4%) were the major constituents of the leaf oil.1

Common Names:
Indian Arrowroot, Ukon, Gajutsu, Zingiberaceae, Curuminoids, Zedoary Root, White Turmeric, amb halad, Rhizoma Zedoariae, Zédoaire, Rhizome de Zédoaire, Zitwer, ขมิ้นหัวขึ้น, ขมิ้นขึ้น, ขมิ้นอ้อย, ขมิ้นขาว, Khamin hua khuen, Khamin khun, Khamin oi, Khamin khao, jadwaar or zedwar [جدوار], isiot [исиот], కచొరము kacōramu, karppurakkiccilikkilangku, கர்ப்பூரக்குச்சிக்கிழங்கு, Palua, meitei yaingangkaturiKunir Putih, Temu, nghệ đenKachoor, цитварный корень, цедоария, 片姜黄, 봉술, ขมิ้นอ้อย , जेडोएरी, kurkuma zedoárová.

Curcuma zedoaria Roscoe, Curcuma aeruginosa, Amomum latifolium Salisb., Amomum zedoaria Christm., Amomum latifolium Lam., Amomum zerumbet, Costus luteus, Costus nigricans, Curcuma malabarica Velay. Amalraj & Mural., Curcuma officinalis, Curcuma pallida, Curcuma speciosa, Curcuma zerumbet, Roscoea lutea (Blanco) Hassk. , Roscoea nigrociliata Hassk., Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe, Erndlia zerumbet Giseke

White Turmeric Research Data Links:
Bing ImagesCrescent BloomDave’s GardenEncyclopedia of LifeFloridataGoogle ScholarHortipediaI Love IndiaPlant Delights – PubMedSF Gate – Spice PagesUSDA – WebMDWikipedia

Plant Germplasm (definition): Any portion of genetic material that can be grown into a live plant. Examples include seeds, stem cuttings (via many methods including air layering), root cuttings, root divisions (multiplication via division), leaf cuttings, leaf fragments (in tissue culture), rooted nodes (vines), “eyes” (offshoots from potato tubers), cacti pieces, etc. The term germplasm can also be used to describe a collection of genetic resources for an organism such as as a seed collection or, for trees, a nursery. ROOT CROPS: Buy live tropical Yam (Dioscorea) plants. Edible Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas) tubers for sale. Order Live Malanga (Xanthosoma), Eddo & Taro (Colocasia esculenta) corms. Purchase perennial ginger (Zingiber officinale), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) & turmeric (Curcuma longa zedoaria) rhizomes. Selling Jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus) 'yam bean' seeds. Live Semi-Aquatic Water Chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) bulbs shipped worldwide. Note: Typically our bulb type live products are dunked into bucket full of an aqueous (water) solution of "Myco Madness" (mycorrhizal fungi), Humic Acid & Fulvic Acid along with the PGR's Brassinolide, Indole Butryic Acid (IBA) and Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) to ensure root growth is triggered. Next the germplasm materials are packed into organic Coconut Coir which itself contains natural rooting hormones. If you intend to eat the roots you'll be ordering include a note and the roots won't be dunked in the PGR solution (which is more effective than compound powder or gel even though water doesn't 'stick' to it). MASS SPECTRUM BOTANICALS (Tampa, Florida): Germplasm Factory - Micronursery - Commercial Seed Bank Areas of Intent & Expertise: >Custom heirloom vegetable seed vaults. >Live Plants of a useful nature (exotic fruits, tactical landscaping plants, etc.). >Plant growth hormone regulators (PGR's) and other Plant Biostimulants. >Rare edible perennial jungle plants (green leafy vegetable year round tropical plants). >Drought tolerant edible landscape xeriscaping. >Complimentary Cancer Survival medicinal plants; >Cutting edge skin, weight & diabetes health targeting. >Laboratory-spec seed sprouting, germination & vegetative propagation kits. >Advanced horticultural science. >Ethnobotanical supplies. >Isolated herbal extracts. Pure & technical grade chemicals (powders, salts & crystals). >Tissue Culture laboratory research supplies. >Antibiotics for fish, bird, cat, dog, reptile, horse, marine, swine, chicken &  invertebrate care. >Aquarium, aquaculture, hydroponic, aquaponic & pet terrarium supplies. >Bioremediation / phytoremediation environmental solutions for the natural cleanup of toxic / nuclear waste spill / contamination. >Seeking to Buy / Sell / Trade. Seeking trade partners, suppliers and purchasing agents worldwide. EXCLUSIVE: All live plants, bulbs and recalcitrant seeds are regularly inoculated with numerous strains of beneficial symbiotic mycorrhizal fungi & bacteria (listed below) essential for strong healthy plant roots. Generally this is one of the last aspects of horticultural science that gardeners learn about when it should be the first. Beneficial Ectomycorrhiza: Laccaria bicolor, Laccaria laccata, Pisiolithus tinctorius, Rhizopogon amylopogon, Rhizopogon fulvigleba, Rhizopogon luteolus, Rhizopogon roseolus, Rhizopogon subcaerulescens, Rhizopogon villosulus, Rhizopogon vulgaris, Scleroderma cepa, Scleroderma citrinni, Suillus granulatus, Suillus punctatepies Beneficial Endomycorrhiza: Gigaspora brasilianum, Gigaspora margarita, Gigaspora monosporum, Glomus aggregatum, Glomus clarum, Glomus deserticola, Glomus entunicatum, Glomus intraradices, Glomus monosporum, Glomus mosseae Beneficial Tricoderma: Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma koningii Beneficial Bacteria: Acidovorax facilis, Azotobacter chroococcum, Azotobacter polymxa, Bacillus azotoformans, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus stearothermophilus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thuringiensis, Cellulomonas flavigena, Paenibacillus dorum, Paenibacillus florescence, Paenibacillus gordonae, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Psuedomonas aureofaceans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Most of these strains are available in water soluble form in "Myco Madness" (available here at M.S.B.). 

Additional Information

Quantities & Prices

1 Live Rhizome, 10 Live Rhizomes, 1 SFRBox Rhizomes, 1 MFRBox Rhizomes, 1 LFRBox Rhizomes, 1 Root + Black Pepper Combo, 1 Double Turmeric + Pepper Combo, One 6-10″ Live Plant, Five 6-10″ Live Plants, One 10-16″ Live Plant, One 20-30″ Live Plant

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