This rare fruit is rich in protein, wolfberry polysaccharides, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, trace elements and other nutrients like proanthocyanidin (OPC). Procyanidins OPC is one of the most effective natural water-soluble free radical scavenger, its efficacy is 50 times Vitamin C and 20 times that of Vitamin E. The OPC content of Black Wolfberry (3690mg/100 g) is the highest in the world even exceeding the blueberry (3380mg/100g). This plant produces a very extensive root system, which is drought & salt tolerant, can be used for erosion control. The berries can be used directly for the preparation of infusions simply immersing them in hot water for a few minutes. Although this fruit is so rare and under-studied, it’s now apparently contending for the top spot in so-called “superfoods”.
Traditional Medicinal Uses:
In humans, it’s ripe fruits have been used for treatment of heart disease, abnormal menstruation & menopause. The plant is used as an ointment to treat blindness in camels.
Seed – sow early spring in a greenhouse. Germination is usually good and fairly quick. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Pinch out the shoot tips of the young plants in order to encourage bushy growth. Cuttings – of half-ripe wood, 5 – 10cm with a heel if possible, July/August in individual pots in a frame. Good percentage. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season’s growth, autumn to late winter in a cold frame. High percentage. Division of suckers in late winter. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.
Multi thorns shrub, 20-150 cm. Many branches, twigs hard, often has the curved shape, white. Leaves clustered at the spur 2-6 tablets, fleshy, sessile, strip, strip lanceolate or cylindrical, 5-30 mm long, blunt and round top. Born on the spur flower flowers 1-2 spines on both sides of the base; pedicels slender, 5-10 mm; Calyx narrowly campanulate, 3-4 mm long, 2-4 lobed; corolla funnel-shaped, tube often more eaves Department lobes 2-3 times longer, light purple, 1 cm long; stamens of unequal length. Berry spherical, dark purple when mature, 4-9 mm in diameter; Seeds kidney-shaped, brown. Distributed in Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu, Shaanxi; Europe, the Soviet Central Asia also. Resistant to drought, often born on saline-alkali soil or sandy wasteland.
Multi thorns shrub, 20-50 (-150) cm, much branched; branches ramp or lying on the ground, white or gray, hard, often zigzag turns, with irregular vertical stripes, twigs apex acuminate a thorn-like, shortened internodes, each section has a length of 0.3-1.5 cm shorter spines; spur located on both sides of thorns, branches obvious in young, old branches are tumorigenic in shape, having clusters of leaves or flowers , leaves clustered at the same time, the older branches without leaves spur into tumor-like protrusions. 2-6 pieces of leaves clustered at the spur, the young branches in the Leaves alternate, fleshy fleshy, subsessile, strip, strip strip lanceolate or oblanceolate, sometimes a narrowly lanceolate, top obtuse, base attenuate, sometimes a little scroll down the sides, the veins obscure, 0.5-3 cm long, 2-7 mm wide. Born on the spur spend 1-2 flowers; peduncle slender, 0.5-1 cm long. Calyx narrowly campanulate, 4-5 mm long, slightly inflated when the fruit into hemispherical, surrounded in the lower part of the fruit, irregularly 2-4 lobed, lobes membranous, margin sparsely ciliate; corolla funnel-shaped, pale purple, about 1.2 cm, tube slightly enlarged to the eaves, 5-lobed, lobes oblong-ovate, about 1/2-1/3 of the cylindrical portion, missed hair, ear piece is not obvious; stamens protrude slightly Corolla, was born in the middle of corolla tube, filaments slightly away from the base of the sparse hair, the same height in the inner wall of the corolla is also sparse hair; style and stamens nearly as long. Berry purple, spherical, sometimes slightly sunken top diameter of 4-9 mm. Seeds kidney-shaped, brown, long 1.5 mm wide and 2 mm. Fruit period from May to October. Located in the northern part of Shaanxi, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang and Tibet; Central Asia, the Caucasus and Europe also. Resistant to drought, saline soil often born wasteland, sand or roadside. Shrubs can be used as soil and water conservation.
Shrubs 20-50 (-100) cm tall, copiously armed Stems much branched;. Branches grayish or whitish, erect, ascending, or prostrate; branchlets apically thorny;. Thorns 3-15 mm, inserted on nodes Leaves subsessile, solitary on young branches, in fascicles of 2-6 on short shoots in older growth;.. leaf blade grayish, succulent, linear or subcylindric, rarely linear-oblanceolate, 0.5-3 cm × 2-7 mm Flowers 1 or 2 on short shoots Pedicel 5-10 mm Calyx narrowly campanulate, 4-5 mm, irregularly 2-4-lobed, lobes sparsely ciliate Corolla pale purple, funnelform, ca 1.2 cm;… lobes oblong ovate, 1/3-1/2 as long as corolla tube, not ciliate Stamens slightly exserted;……. filaments sparsely villous above base Fruiting calyx slightly inflated Berry purple-black, globose, sometimes emarginate, 6-9 mm in diam Seeds brown, ca 1.5 × 2 mm Fl May -Aug, fr. Aug-Oct.
黑果枸杞, hei guo gou qi, blue demon ji, Siyah goji, Black fruit wolfberry, Goji Nero, Kaokee, თეთრეკალა, (Tibetan name) “next to Mary”,
枸杞, gǒuqǐ, Lycii fructus, L. chinense, Tibetan goji berry, Gouqi jiu
Lycium ruthenicum, Lycium ruthenicum Murr., Lycium ruthenicum Murray
Black Goji Berry Research Data Links:
Citations:Plant Germplasm (definition): Any portion of genetic material that can be grown into a live plant. Examples include seeds, stem cuttings (via many methods including air layering), root cuttings, root divisions (multiplication via division), leaf cuttings, leaf fragments (in tissue culture), rooted nodes (vines), “eyes” (offshoots from potato tubers), cacti pieces, etc. The term germplasm can also be used to describe a collection of genetic resources for an organism such as as a seed collection or, for trees, a nursery. EXCLUSIVE: All live plants, bulbs and recalcitrant seeds are regularly inoculated with numerous strains of beneficial symbiotic mycorrhizal fungi & bacteria (listed below) essential for strong healthy plant roots. Generally this is one of the last aspects of horticultural science that gardeners learn about when it should be the first. Beneficial Ectomycorrhiza: Laccaria bicolor, Laccaria laccata, Pisiolithus tinctorius, Rhizopogon amylopogon, Rhizopogon fulvigleba, Rhizopogon luteolus, Rhizopogon roseolus, Rhizopogon subcaerulescens, Rhizopogon villosulus, Rhizopogon vulgaris, Scleroderma cepa, Scleroderma citrinni, Suillus granulatus, Suillus punctatepies Beneficial Endomycorrhiza: Gigaspora brasilianum, Gigaspora margarita, Gigaspora monosporum, Glomus aggregatum, Glomus clarum, Glomus deserticola, Glomus entunicatum, Glomus intraradices, Glomus monosporum, Glomus mosseae Beneficial Tricoderma: Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma koningii Beneficial Bacteria: Acidovorax facilis, Azotobacter chroococcum, Azotobacter polymxa, Bacillus azotoformans, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus megaterium, Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus stearothermophilus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thuringiensis, Cellulomonas flavigena, Paenibacillus dorum, Paenibacillus florescence, Paenibacillus gordonae, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Psuedomonas aureofaceans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Most of these strains are available in water soluble form in "Myco Madness" (available here at M.S.B.). MASS SPECTRUM BOTANICALS (Tampa, Florida): Germplasm Factory - Micronursery - Commercial Seed Bank Areas of Intent & Expertise: >Custom heirloom vegetable seed vaults. >Live Plants of a useful nature (exotic fruits, tactical landscaping plants, etc.). >Plant growth hormone regulators (PGR's) and other Plant Biostimulants. >Rare edible perennial jungle plants (green leafy vegetable year round tropical plants). >Drought tolerant edible landscape xeriscaping. >Complimentary Cancer Survival medicinal plants; >Cutting edge skin, weight & diabetes health targeting. >Laboratory-spec seed sprouting, germination & vegetative propagation kits. >Advanced horticultural science. >Ethnobotanical supplies. >Isolated herbal extracts. Pure & technical grade chemicals (powders, salts & crystals). >Tissue Culture laboratory research supplies. >Antibiotics for fish, bird, cat, dog, reptile, horse, marine, swine, chicken & invertebrate care. >Aquarium, aquaculture, hydroponic, aquaponic & pet terrarium supplies. >Bioremediation / phytoremediation environmental solutions for the natural cleanup of toxic / nuclear waste spill / contamination. >Seeking to Buy / Sell / Trade. Seeking trade partners, suppliers and purchasing agents worldwide.